Papacy - A Historical Perspective
Hardrian VI : 1522-1523 A.D.
218. Born in Utrecht (Holland). Elected August 31, 1522 unknowingly
while he was Bishop in Tortona - died September 14, 1523.
He committed himself to struggle
against those who opposed
the Church and against the Turks, without being successful. Hadrian
said that: "the Pope and the prelates must decorate churches, rather
than decorate prelates with Churches".
He was the non-Italian Pope till current Pope John Paul II, the
Polish Karol Wojtila.
Since people used to say that Hadrian died as a consequence of too
much drinking, Pasquinus, Roman talking statue, took revenge with a
cutting remark: "Qui lace Hadrian sesto, homo divino".
He was buried in the Roman church of S. Maria dell' Anima. His
pontificate lasted about 1 year and 8 months.
Clement VII : 1523-1534 A.D.
219. Born in Florence. Elected November 26, 1523 - died September
He did not succeed in settling disputes
Catholics and the Lutheran reform; Charles V, who was Catholic, called
a Diet in Spires, which condemned Lutheranism; however, the Lutheran
wanted to take advantage of the assets of former convents, protested
and were thereby defined "Protestants": the term was then used to
define all the followers of Lutheranism: Given the majority of the
latter, Charles V was forced to allow the new confession.
Gustav Wasa, the king of Sweden, as well as the Norwegians and
Danes took immediate advantage of
Clement VII, like Hadrian VI, wanted to throw Pasquinus, a Roman
talking statue, into the Tiber, but Torquato Tasso made him change his
During his pontificate, sacking and pestilence reduced the
Roman population to 30,000 and Henry VIII, who had been excommunicated,
He celebrated the 9th Jubilee.
He was buried in S. Maria sopra Minerva. His pontificate lasted
about 10 months.
Paul III : 1534-1549 A.D. [For the seldom
this Pope - Click
220. Born in Rome. Elected November 3, 1534 - died November 10,
He was a great patron of arts and
culture; he appointed
Michelangelo architect of St. Peter for life.
In the framework of the Counter-Reformation he approved the
Society of Jesus.
He called the 19th Ecumenical Council.
Through the Bull "Licet ab initio", dating back to July 21st 1542,
Paul III founded the "Supreme Sacred Congregation of the Holy Office"
to fight against heresy, crimes against Faith and the unity
of the Church (apostasy, schisms, etc.).
This office must not be confused with the Inquisition.
These methods were renewed by Paul VI in 1965 with the "Sacred
Congregation for the teaching of Faith".
He issued the Bull for the announcement of the jubilee year in
1550 but he died before
He was buried in the Basilica of St. Peter in one of the most
beautiful sepulchres of the church. His pontificate lasted about 15
years and 1 month.
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