Which are never read in a Roman
Verses Omitted From Roman Catholic Mass Readings
1-22 have been omitted from the Mass readings.
 In the days of Assuerus, who reigned from India to Ethiopia over a
hundred and twenty-seven provinces:  When he sat on the throne of
his kingdom, the city Susan was the capital of his kingdom.
 Now in the third year of his reign he made a great feast for all
the princes, and for his servants, for the most mighty of the Persians,
and the nobles of the Medes, and the governors of the provinces in his
sight,  That he might shew the riches of the glory of his kingdom,
and the greatness, and boasting of his power, for a long time, to wit,
for a hundred and fourscore days.
 And when the days of the feast were expired, he invited all the
people that were found in Susan, from the greatest to the least: and
commanded a feast to be made seven days in the court of the garden, and
of the wood, which was planted by the care and the hand of the king.
 And there were hung up on every side sky coloured, and green, and
violet hangings, fastened with cords of silk, and of purple, which were
put into rings of ivory, and were held up with marble pillars. The beds
also were of gold and silver, placed in order upon a floor paved with
porphyry and white marble: which was embellished with painting of
wonderful variety.  And they that were invited, drank in golden
cups, and the meats were brought in divers vessels one after another.
Wine also in abundance and of the best was presented, as was worthy of
a king's magnificence.  Neither was there any one to compel them to
drink that were not willing, but as the king had appointed, who set
over every table one of his nobles, that every man might take what he
 Also Vasthi the queen made a feast for the women in the palace,
where king Assuerus was used to dwell.  Now on the seventh day,
when the king was merry, and after very much drinking was well warmed
with wine, he commanded Mauman, and Bazatha, and Harbona, and Bagatha,
and Abgatha, and Zethar, and Charcas, the seven eunuchs that served in
his presence,  To bring in queen Vasthi before the king, with the
crown set upon her head, to shew her beauty to all the people and the
princes: for she was exceeding beautiful.  But she refused, and
would not come at the king's commandment, which he had signified to her
by the eunuchs. Whereupon the king, being angry, and inflamed with a
very great fury,  Asked the wise men, who according to the custom
of the kings, were always near his person, and all he did was by their
counsel, who knew the laws, and judgments of their forefathers: 
(Now the chief and nearest him were, Charsena, and Sethar, and Admatha,
and Tharsis, and Mares, and Marsana, and Mamuchan, seven princes of the
Persians, and of the Medes, who saw the face of the king, and were used
to sit first after him:)
 What sentence ought to pass upon Vasthi the queen, who had refused
to obey the commandment of king Assuerus, which he had sent to her by
 And Mamuchan answered, in the hearing of the king and the princes:
Queen Vasthi hath not only injured the king, but also all the people
and princes that are in all the provinces of king Assuerus.  For
this deed of the queen will go abroad to all women, so that they will
despise their husbands, and will say: King Assuerus commanded that
queen Vasthi should come in to him, and she would not.  And by this
example all the wives of the princes of the Persians and the Medes will
slight the commandments of their husbands: wherefore the king's
indignation is just.  If it please thee, let an edict go out from
thy presence, and let it be written according to the law of the
Persians and of the Medes, which must not be altered, that Vasthi come
in no more to the king, but another, that is better than her, be made
queen in her place.  And let this be published through all the
provinces of thy empire, (which is very wide,) and let all wives, as
well of the greater as of the lesser, give honour to their husbands.
 His counsel pleased the king, and the princes: and the king did
according to the counsel of Mamuchan.  And he sent letters to all
the provinces of his kingdom, as every nation could hear and read, in
divers languages and characters, that the husbands should be rulers and
masters in their houses: and that this should be published to every
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1-23 have been omitted from the Mass readings.
 After this, when the wrath of king Assuerus was appeased, he
remembered Vasthi, and what she had done and what she had suffered: 
And the king's servants and his officers said:
Let young women be sought for the king, virgins and beautiful,  And
let some persons be sent through all the provinces to look for
beautiful maidens and virgins: and let them bring them to the city of
Susan, and put them into the house of the women under the hand of Egeus
the eunuch, who is the overseer and keeper of the king's women: and let
them receive women's ornaments, and other things necessary for their
use.  And whosoever among them all shall please the king's eyes, let
her be queen instead of Vasthi.
The word pleased the king: and he commanded it should be done as they
 There was a man in the city of Susan, a Jew, named Mardochai, the
son of Jair, the son of Semei, the son of Cis, of the race of Jemini,
 Who had been carried away from Jerusalem at the time that
Nabuchodonosor king of Babylon carried away Jechonias king of Juda, 
And he had brought up his brother's daughter Edissa, who by another
name was called Esther: now she had lost both her parents: and was
exceeding fair and beautiful. And her father and mother being dead,
Mardochai adopted her for his daughter.
 And when the king's ordinance was noised abroad, and according to
his commandment many beautiful virgins were brought to Susan, and were
delivered to Egeus the eunuch: Esther also among the rest of the
maidens was delivered to him to be kept in the number of the women.
 And she pleased him, and found favour in his sight. And he
commanded the eunuch to hasten the women's ornaments, and to deliver to
her her part, and seven of the most beautiful maidens of the king's
house, and to adorn and deck out both her and her waiting maids.
 And she would not tell him her people nor her country. For
Mardochai had charged her to say nothing at all of that:
 And he walked every day before the court of the house, in which
the chosen virgins were kept, having a care for Esther's welfare, and
desiring to know what would befall her.  Now when every virgin's
turn came to go in to the king, after all had been done for setting
them off to advantage, it was the twelfth month: so that for six months
they were anointed with oil of myrrh, and for other six months they
used certain perfumes and sweet spices.  And when they were going
in to the king, whatsoever they asked to adorn themselves they
received: and being decked out, as it pleased them, they passed from
the chamber of the women to the king's chamber.  And she that went
in at evening, came out in the morning, and from thence she was
conducted to the second house, that was under the hand of Susagaz the
eunuch, who had the charge over the king's concubines: neither could
she return any more to the king, unless the king desired it, and had
ordered her by name to come.
 And as the time came orderly about, the day was at hand, when
Esther, the daughter of Abihail the brother of Mardochai, whom he had
adopted for his daughter, was to go in to the king. But she sought not
women's ornaments, but whatsoever Egeus the eunuch the keeper of the
virgins had a mind, he gave her to adorn her. For she was exceeding
fair, and her incredible beauty made her appear agreeable and amiable
in the eyes of all.  So she was brought to the chamber of king
Assuerus the tenth month, which is called Tebeth, in the seventh year
of his reign.  And the king loved her more than all the women, and
she had favour and kindness before him above all the women, and he set
the royal crown on her head, and made her queen instead of Vasthi.
 And he commanded a magnificent feast to be prepared for all the
princes, and for his servants, for the marriage and wedding of Esther.
And he gave rest to all the provinces, and bestowed gifts according to
 And when the virgins were sought the second time, and gathered
together, Mardochai stayed at the king's gate,  Neither had Esther
as yet declared her country and people, according to his commandment.
For whatsoever he commanded, Esther observed: and she did all things in
the same manner as she was wont at that time when he brought her up a
 At that time, therefore, when Mardochai abode at the king's gate,
Bagathan and Thares, two of the king's eunuchs, who were porters, and
presided in the first entry of the palace, were angry: and they
designed to rise up against the king, and to kill him.  And
Mardochai had notice of it, and immediately he told it to queen Esther:
and she to the king in Mardochai's name, who had reported the thing
unto her.  It was inquired into, and found out: and they were both
hanged on a gibbet. And it was put in the histories, and recorded in
the chronicles before the king.
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1-15 have been omitted from the Mass readings.
 After these things, king Assuerus advanced Aman, the son of
Amadathi, who was of the race of Agag: and he set his throne above all
the princes that were with him.  And all the king's servants, that
were at the doors of the palace, bent their knees, and worshipped Aman:
for so the emperor had commanded them, only Mardochai did not bend his
knee, nor worship him.
 And the king's servants that were chief at the doors of the palace,
said to him:
Why dost thou alone not observe the king's commandment?
 And when they were saying this often, and he would not hearken to
them; they told Aman, desirous to know whether he would continue in his
resolution: for he had told them that he was a Jew.
 Now when Aman had heard this, and had proved by experience that
Mardochai did not bend his knee to him, nor worship him, he was
exceeding angry.  And he counted it nothing to lay his hands upon
Mardochai alone: for he had heard that he was of the nation of the
Jews, and he chose rather to destroy all the nation of the Jews that
were in the kingdom of Assuerus.
 In the first month (which is called Nisan) in the twelfth year a of
the reign of Assuerus, the lot was cast into an urn, which in Hebrew is
called Phur, before Aman, on what day and what month the nation of the
Jews should be destroyed: and there came out the twelfth month, which
is called Adar.
 And Aman said to king Assuerus:
There is a people scattered through all the provinces of thy kingdom,
and separated one from another, that use new laws and ceremonies, and
moreover despise the king's ordinances: and thou knowest very well that
it is not expedient for thy kingdom that they should grow insolent by
impunity.  If it please thee, decree that they may he destroyed, and
I will pay ten thousand talents to thy treasurers.
 And the king took the ring that he used, from his own hand, and
gave it to Aman, the son of Amadathi of the race of Agag, the enemy of
the Jews,  And he said to him:
As to the money which thou promisest, keep it for thyself: and as to
the people, do with them as seemeth good to thee.
 And the king's scribes were called in the first month Nisan, on
the thirteenth day of the same month: and they wrote, as Aman had
commanded, to all the king's lieutenants, and to the judges of the
provinces, and of divers nations, as every nation could read, and hear
according to their different languages, in the name of king Assuerus:
and the letters, sealed with his ring,
 Were sent by the king's messengers to all provinces, to kill and
destroy all the Jews, both young and old, little children, and women,
in one day, that is, on the thirteenth of the twelfth month, which is
called Adar, and to make a spoil of their goods.
 And the contents of the letters were to this effect, that all
provinces might know and be ready against that day.
 The couriers that were sent made haste to fulfill the king's
commandment. And immediately the edict was hung up in Susan, the king
and Aman feasting together, and all the Jews that were in the city
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1-17 have been omitted from the Mass readings.
 Now when Mardochai had heard these things, he rent his garments,
and put on sackcloth, strewing ashes on his head: and he cried with a
loud voice in the street in the midst of the city, shewing the anguish
of his mind.
 And he came lamenting in this manner even to the gate of the
palace: for no one clothed with sackcloth might enter the king's court.
 And in all provinces, towns, and places, to which the king's cruel
edict was come, there was great mourning among the Jews, with fasting,
wailing, and weeping, many using sackcloth and ashes for their bed.
 Then Esther's maids and her eunuchs went in, and told her. And when
she heard it she was in a consternation: and she sent a garment, to
clothe him, and to take away the sackcloth: but he would not receive
it.  And she called for Athach the eunuch, whom the king had
appointed to attend upon her, and she commanded him to go to Mardochai,
and learn of him why he did this.  And Athach going out went to
Mardochai, who was standing in the street of the city, before the
palace gate:  And Mardochai told him all that had happened, how Aman
had promised to pay money into the king's treasures, to have the Jews
destroyed.  He gave him also a copy of the edict which was hanging
up in Susan, that he should shew it to the queen, and admonish her to
go in to the king, and to entreat him for her people.
 And Athach went back and told Esther all that Mardochai had said.
 She answered him, and bade him say to Mardochai:
 All the king's servants, and all the provinces that are under his
dominion, know, that whosoever, whether man or woman, cometh into the
king's inner court, who is not called for, is immediately to be put to
death without any delay: except the king shall hold out the golden
sceptre to him, in token of clemency, that so he may live. How then can
I go in to the king, who for these thirty days now have not been called
 And when Mardochai had heard this,  He sent word to Esther
Think not that thou mayst save thy life only, because thou art in the
king a house, more than all the Jews:  For if thou wilt now hold
thy peace, the Jews shall be delivered by some other occasion: and
thou, and thy father's house shall perish. And who knoweth whether thou
art not therefore come to the kingdom, that thou mightest be ready in
such a time as this?
 And again Esther sent to Mardochai in these words:
 Go, and gather together all the Jews whom thou shalt find in
Susan, and pray ye for me. Neither eat nor drink for three days and
three nights: and I with my handmaids will fast in like manner, and
then I will go in to the king, against the law, not being called, and
expose myself to death and to danger.
 So Mardochai went, and did all that Esther had commanded him.
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1-14 have been omitted from the Mass readings.
 And on the third day Esther put on her royal apparel, and stood in
the inner court of the king's house, over against the king's hall: now
he sat upon his throne in the hall of the palace, over against the door
of the house.  And when he saw Esther the queen standing, she
pleased his eyes, and he held out toward her the golden sceptre, which
he held in his hand: and she drew near, and kissed the top of his
sceptre.  And the king said to her:
What wilt then, queen Esther? what is thy request? if thou shouldst
even ask one half of the kingdom, it shall be given to thee.
 But she answered:
If it please the king. I beseech thee to come to me this day, and Aman
with thee to the banquet which I have prepared.
 And the king said forthwith:
Call ye Aman quickly, that he may obey Esther's will.
So the king and Aman came to the banquet which the queen had prepared
 And the king said to her, after he had drunk wine plentifully:
What dost thou desire should be given thee? and for what thing askest
thou? although thou shouldst ask the half of my kingdom, thou shalt
 And Esther answered:
My petition and request is this:  If I have found favour in the
king's sight, and if it please the king to give me what I ask, and to
fulfill my petition: let the king and Aman come to the banquet which I
have prepared them, and tomorrow I will open my mind to the king.
 So Aman went out that day joyful and merry. And when he saw
Mardochai sitting before the gate of the palace, and that he not only
did not rise up to honour him, but did not so much as move from the
place where he sat, he was exceedingly angry:  But dissembling his
anger, and returning into his house, he called together to him his
friends, and Zares his wife:  And he declared to them the greatness
of his riches, and the multitude of his children, and with how great
glory the king had advanced him above all his princes and servants.
 And after this he said:
Queen Esther also hath invited no other to the banquet with the king,
but me: and with her I am also to dine tomorrow with the king:  And
whereas I have all these things, I think I have nothing, so long as I
see Mardochai the Jew sitting before the king's gate.
 Then Zares his wife, and the rest of his friends answered him:
Order a great beam to be prepared, fifty cubits high, and in the
morning speak to the king, that Mardochai may be hanged upon it, and so
thou shalt go full of joy with the king to the banquet.
The counsel pleased him, and he commanded a high gibbet to be prepared.
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1-14 have been omitted from the Mass readings.
 That night the king passed without sleep, and he commanded the
histories and chronicles of former times to be brought him. And when
they were reading them before him,  They came to that place where it
was written, how Mardochai had discovered the treason of Bagathan and
Thares the eunuchs, who sought to kill king Assuerus.  And when the
king heard this, he said:
What honour and reward hath Mardochai received for this fidelity?
His servants and ministers said to him:
He hath received no reward at all.
 And the king said immediately:
Who is in the court? for Aman was coming in to the inner court of the
king's house, to speak to the king, that he might order Mardochai to be
hanged upon the gibbet which was prepared for him.
 The servants answered:
Aman standeth in the court, and the king said:
Let him come in.
 And when he was come in, he said to him:
What ought to be done to the man whom the king is desirous to honour?
But Aman thinking in his heart, and supposing that the king would
honour no other but himself,  Answered:
The man whom the king desireth to honour,  Ought to be clothed with
the king's apparel, and to be set upon the horse that the king rideth
upon, and to have the royal crown upon his head,  And let the first
of the king's princes and nobles hold his horse, and going through the
street of the city, proclaim before him and say: Thus shall he be
honoured, whom the king hath a mind to honour.
 And the king said to him:
Make haste and take the robe and the horse, and do as thou hast spoken
to Mardochai the Jew, who sitteth before the gates of the palace.
Beware thou pass over any of those things which thou hast spoken.
 So Aman took the robe and the horse, and arraying Mardochai in the
street of the city, and setting him on the horse, went before him, and
This honour is he worthy of, whom the king hath a mind to honour.
 But Mardochai returned to the palace gate: and Aman made haste to
go to his house, mourning and having his head covered:  And he told
Zares his wife, and his friends, all that had befallen him. And the
wise men whom he had in counsel, and his wife answered him:
If Mardochai be of the seed of the Jews, before whom thou hast begun to
fall, thou canst not resist him, but thou shalt fall in his sight.
 As they were yet speaking, the king's eunuchs came, and compelled
him to go quickly to the banquet which the queen had prepared.
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1-10 have been omitted from the Mass readings.
 So the king and Aman went in, to drink with the queen.  And the
king said to her again the second day, after he was warm with wine:
What is thy petition, Esther, that it may be granted thee? and what
wilt thou have done: although thou ask the half of my kingdom, thou
shalt have it.
 Then she answered:
If I have found Favour in thy sight, O king, and if it please thee,
give me my life for which I ask, and my people for which I request. 
For we are given up, I and my people, to be destroyed, to be slain, and
to perish. And would God we were sold for bondmen and bondwomen: the
evil might be borne with, and I would have mourned in silence: but now
we have an enemy, whose cruelty redoundeth upon the king.  And king
Assuerus answered and said:
Who is this, and of what power, that he should do these things?
 And Esther said:
It is this Aman that is our adversary and most wicked enemy.
Aman hearing this was forthwith astonished, not being able to bear the
countenance of the king and of the queen.
 But the king being angry rose up, and went from the place of the
banquet into the garden set with trees. Aman also rose up to entreat
Esther the queen for his life, for he understood that evil was prepared
for him by the king.  And when the king came back out of the garden
set with trees, and entered into the place of the banquet, he found
Aman was fallen upon the bed on which Esther lay, and he said:
He will force the queen also in my presence, in my own house.
The word was not yet gone out of the king's mouth, and immediately they
covered his face.  And Harbona, one of the eunuchs that stood
waiting on the king, said:
Behold the gibbet which he hath prepared for Mardochai, who spoke for
the king, standeth in Aman's house, being fifty cubits high.
And the king said to him:
Hang him upon it.
 So Aman was hanged on the gibbet, which he had prepared for
Mardochai: and the king's wrath ceased.
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1-17 have been omitted from the Mass readings.
 On that day king Assuerus gave the house of Aman, the Jews' enemy,
to queen Esther, and Mardochai came in before the king. For Esther had
confessed to him that he was her uncle.  And the king took the ring
which he had commanded to be taken again from Aman, and gave it to
Mardochai. And Esther set Mardochai over her house.
 And not content with these things, she fell down at the king's feet
and wept, and speaking to him besought him, that he would give orders
that the malice of Aman the Agagite, and his most wicked devices which
he had invented against the Jews, should be of no effect.  But he,
as the manner was, held out the golden sceptre with his hand, which was
the sign of clemency: and she arose up and stood before him,  And
If it please the king, and if I have found favour in his sight, and my
request be not disagreeable to him, I beseech thee, that the former
letters of Aman the traitor and enemy of the Jews, by which he
commanded that they should be destroyed in all the king's provinces,
may be reversed by new letters.  For how can I endure the murdering
and slaughter of my people?  And king Assuerus answered Esther the
queen, and Mardochai the Jew:
I have given Aman's house to Esther, and I have commanded him to be
hanged on a gibbet, because he durst lay hands on the Jews.  Write
ye therefore to the Jews, as it pleaseth you, in the king's name, and
seal the letters with my ring. For this was the custom, that no man
durst gainsay the letters which were sent in the king's name, and were
sealed with his ring.
 Then the king's scribes and secretaries were called for (now it was
the time of the third month which is called Siban) the three and
twentieth day of the month, and letters were written, as Mardochai had
a mind, to the Jews, and to the governors, and to the deputies, and to
the judges, who were rulers over the hundred and twenty-seven
provinces, from India even to Ethiopia: to province and province, to
people and people, according to their languages and characters, and to
the Jews, according as they could read and hear.
 And these letters which were sent in the king's name, were sealed
with his ring, and sent by posts: who were to run through all the
provinces, to prevent the former letters with new messages.
 And the king gave orders to them, to speak to the Jews in every
city, and to command them to gather themselves together, and to stand
for their lives, and to kill and destroy all their enemies with their
wives and children and all their houses, and to take their spoil. 
And one day of revenge was appointed through all the provinces, to wit,
the thirteenth of the twelfth month Adar.
 And this was the content of the letter, that it should be notified
in all lands and peoples that were subject to the empire of king
Assuerus, that the Jews were ready to be revenged of their enemies.
 So the swift posts went out carrying the messages, and the king's
edict was hung up in Susan.
 And Mardochai going forth out of the palace, and from the king's
presence, shone in royal apparel, to wit, of violet and sky colour,
wearing a golden crown on his head, and clothed with a cloak of silk
and purple. And all the city rejoiced and was glad.
 But to the Jews a new light seemed to rise, joy, honour, and
dancing.  And in all peoples, cities, and provinces, whithersoever
the king's commandments came, there was wonderful rejoicing, feasts and
banquets, and keeping holy day: insomuch that many of other nations and
religion, joined themselves to their worship and ceremonies. For a
great dread of the name of the Jews had fallen upon all.
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1-32 have been omitted from the Mass readings.
 So on the thirteenth day of the twelfth month, which as we have
said above is called Adar, when all the Jews were designed to be
massacred, and their enemies were greedy after their blood, the case
being altered, the Jews began to have the upper hand, and to revenge
themselves of their adversaries.  And they gathered themselves
together in every city, and town, and place, to lay their hands on
their enemies, and their persecutors. And no one durst withstand them,
for the fear of their power had gone through every people.  And the
judges of the provinces, and the governors, and lieutenants, and every
one in dignity, that presided over every place and work, extolled the
Jews for fear of Mardochai:  For they knew him to be prince of the
palace, and to have great power: and the fame of his name increased
daily, and was spread abroad through all men's mouths.
 So the Jews made a great slaughter of their enemies, and killed
them, repaying according to what they had prepared to do to them: 
Insomuch that even in Susan they killed five hundred men, besides the
ten sons of Aman the Agagite, the enemy of the Jews: whose names are
these:  Pharsandatha, and Delphon, and Esphatha,  And Phoratha,
and Adalia, and Aridatha,  And Phermesta, and Arisai, and Aridai,
and Jezatha.  And when they had slain them, they would not touch
the spoils of their goods.
 And presently the number of them that were killed in Susan was
brought to the king.  And he said to the queen:
The Jews have killed five hundred men in the city of Susan, besides the
ten sons of Aman: how many dost thou think they have slain in all the
provinces? What askest thou more, and what wilt thou have me to command
to be done?
 And she answered:
If it please the king, let it be granted to the Jews, to do tomorrow in
Susan as they have done today, and that the ten sons of Aman may be
hanged upon gibbets.
 And the king commanded that it should be so done. And forthwith
the edict was hung up in Susan, and the ten sons of Aman were hanged.
 And on the fourteenth day of the month Adar the Jews gathered
themselves together, and they killed in Susan three hundred men: but
they took not their substance.
 Moreover through all the provinces which were subject to the
king's dominion the Jews stood for their lives, and slew their enemies
and persecutors: insomuch that the number of them that were Billed
amounted to seventy-five thousand, and no man took any of their goods.
 Now the thirteenth day of the month Adar was the first day with
them all of the slaughter, and on the fourteenth day they left off.
Which they ordained to be kept holy day, so that all times hereafter
they should celebrate it with feasting, joy, and banquets.  But
they that were killing in the city of Susan, were employed in the
slaughter on the thirteenth and fourteenth day of the same month: and
on the fifteenth day they rested. And therefore they appointed that day
to be a holy day of feasting and gladness.  But those Jews that
dwelt in towns not walled and in villages, appointed the fourteenth day
of the month Adar for banquets and gladness, so as to rejoice on that
day, and send one another portions of their banquets and meats.
 And Mardochai wrote all these things, and sent them comprised in
letters to the Jews that abode in all the king's provinces, both those
that lay near and those afar off,  That they should receive the
fourteenth and fifteenth day of the month Adar for holy days, and
always at the return of the year should celebrate them with solemn
honour:  Because on those days the Jews revenged themselves of
their enemies, and their mourning and sorrow were turned into mirth and
joy, and that these should be days of feasting and gladness, in which
they should send one to another portions of meats; and should give
gifts to the poor.
 And the Jews undertook to observe with solemnity all they had
begun to do at that time, which Mardochai by letters had commanded to
be done.  For Aman, the son of Amadathi of the race of Agag, the
enemy and adversary of the Jews, had devised evil against them, to kill
them and destroy them: and had cast Phur, that is, the lot.  And
afterwards Esther went in to the king, beseeching him that his
endeavours might be made void by the king's letters: and the evil that
he had intended against the Jews, might return upon his own head. And
so both he and his sons were hanged upon gibbets.  And since that
time these days are called Phurim, that is, of lots: because Phur, that
is, the lot, was cast into the urn. And all things that were done, are
contained in the volume of this epistle, that is, of this book:
 And the things that they suffered, and that were afterwards
changed, the Jews took upon themselves and their seed, and upon all
that had a mind to be joined to their religion, so that it should be
lawful for none to pass these days without solemnity: which the writing
testifieth, and certain times require, as the years continually succeed
one another.  These are the days which shall never be forgot: and
which all provinces in the whole world shall celebrate throughout all
generations: neither is there any city wherein the days of Phurim, that
is, of lots, must not be observed by the Jews, and by their posterity,
which is bound to these ceremonies.
 And Esther the queen, the daughter of Abihail, and Mardochai the
Jew, wrote also a second epistle, that with all diligence this day
should be established a festival for the time to come.  And they
sent to all the Jews that were in the hundred and twenty-seven
provinces of king Assuerus, that they should have peace, and receive
truth,  And observe the days of lots, and celebrate them with joy
in their proper time: as Mardochai and Esther had appointed, and they
undertook them to be observed by themselves and by their seed, fasts,
and cries, and the days of lots,  And all things which are
contained in the history of this book, which is called Esther.
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1-13 have been omitted from the Mass readings.
 And king Assuerus made all the land, and all the islands of the sea
tributary.  And his strength and his empire, and the dignity and
greatness wherewith he exalted Mardochai, are written in the books of
the Medes, and of the Persians:  And how Mardochai of the race of
the Jews, was next after king Assuerus: and great among the Jews, and
acceptable to the people of his brethren, seeking the good of his
people, and speaking those things which were for the welfare of his
 Then Mardochai said:
God hath done these things.  I remember a dream that I saw, which
signified these same things: and nothing thereof hath failed.  The
little fountain which grew into a river, and was turned into a light,
and into the sun, and abounded into many waters, is Esther, whom the
king married, and made queen.  But the two dragons are I and Aman.
 The nations that were assembled are they that endeavoured to
destroy the name of the Jews.  And my nation is Israel, who cried to
the Lord, and the Lord saved his people: and he delivered us from all
evils, and hath wrought great signs and wonders among the nations: 
And he commanded that there should be two lots, one of the people of
God, and the other of all the nations.  And both lots came to the
day appointed already from that time before God to all nations: 
And the Lord remembered his people, and had mercy on his inheritance.
 And these days shall be observed in the month of Adar on the
fourteenth, and fifteenth day of the same month. with all diligence,
and joy of the people gathered into one assembly, throughout all the
generations hereafter of the people of Israel.
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1-12 have been omitted from the Mass readings.
 In the fourth year of the reign of Ptolemy and Cleopatra,
Dositheus, who said he was a priest, and of the Levitical race, and
Ptolemy his son brought this epistle of Phurim, which they said
Lysimachus the son of Ptolemy had interpreted in Jerusalem.
 In the second year of the reign of Artaxerxes the great, in the
first day of the month Nisan, Mardochai the son of Jair, the son of
Semei, the son of Cis, of the tribe of Benjamin:  A Jew who dwelt in
the city of Susan, a great man and among the first of the king's court,
had it dream.  Now he was of the number of the captives, whom
Nabuchodonosor king of Babylon had carried away from Jerusalem with
Jechonias king of Juda.
 And this was his dream: Behold there were voices, and tumults, and
thunders, and earthquakes, and a disturbance upon the earth.  And
behold two great dragons came forth ready to fight one against another.
 And at their cry all nations were stirred up to fight against the
nation of the just.  And that was a day of darkness and danger, of
tribulation and distress, and great fear upon the earth.  And the
nation of the just was troubled fearing their own evils, and was
prepared for death.  And they cried to God: and as they were
crying, a little fountain grew into a very great river, and abounded
into many waters.  The light and the sun rose up, and the humble
were exalted, and they devoured the glorious.
 And when Mardochai had seen this, and arose out of his bed, he was
thinking what God would do: and he kept it fixed in his mind, desirous
to know what the dream should signify.
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1-6 have been omitted from the Mass readings.
 And he abode at that time in the king's court with Bagatha and
Thara the king's eunuchs, who were porters of the palace.  And when
he understood their designs, and had diligently searched into their
projects, he learned that they went about to lay violent hands on king
Artaxerxes, and he told the king thereof.  Then the king had them
both examined, and after they had confessed, commanded them to be put
to death.  But the king made a record of what was done: and
Mardochai also committed the memory of the thing to writing.  And
the king commanded him, to abide in the court of the palace, and gave
him presents for the information.  But Aman the son of Amadathi the
Bugite was in great honour with the king, and sought to hurt Mardochai
and his people, because of the two eunuchs of the king who were put to
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1-7, 18 have been omitted from the Mass readings.
 And this was the copy of the letter: Artaxerxes the great king who
reigneth from India to Ethiopia, to the princes and governors of the
hundred and twenty-seven provinces, that are subject to his empire,
greeting.  Whereas I reigned over many nations, and had brought all
the world under my dominion, I was not willing to abuse the greatness
of my power, but to govern my subjects with clemency and lenity, that
they might live quietly without any terror. and might enjoy peace,
which is desired by all men.  But when I asked my counsellors how
this might be accomplished, one that excelled the rest in wisdom and
fidelity, and was second after the king, Aman by name,  Told me that
there was a people scattered through the whole world, which used new
laws, and acted against the customs of all nations, despised the
commandments of kings, and violated by their opposition the concord of
 Wherefore having learned this, and seeing one nation in opposition
to all mankind using perverse laws, and going against our commandments,
and disturbing the peace and concord of the provinces subject to us,
 We have commanded that all whom Aman shall mark out, who is chief
over all the provinces, and second after the king, and whom we honour
as a father, shall be utterly destroyed by their enemies, with their
wives and children, and that none shall have pity on them. on the
fourteenth day of the twelfth month Adar of this present year:  That
these wicked men going down to hell in one day, may restore to our
empire the peace which they had disturbed.
 And all Israel with like mind and supplication cried to the Lord,
because they saw certain death hanging over their heads.
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2, 6-11, 15-19 have been omitted from the Mass readings.
 And when she had laid away her royal apparel, she put on garments
suitable for weeping and mourning: instead of divers precious
ointments, she covered her head with ashes and dung, and she humbled
her body with fasts: and all the places in which before she was
accustomed to rejoice, she filled with her torn hair.
 We have sinned in thy sight, and therefore thou hast delivered us
into the hands of our enemies:
 For we have worshipped their gods. Thou art just, O Lord.
 And now they are not content to oppress us with most hard bondage,
but attributing the strength of their hands to the power of their idols,
 They design to change thy promises, and destroy thy inheritance,
and shut the mouths of them that praise thee, and extinguish the glory
of thy temple and altar,
 That they may open the mouths of Gentiles, and praise the strength
of idols, and magnify for ever a carnal king.
 Give not, O Lord, thy sceptre to them that are not, lest they
laugh at our ruin: but turn their counsel upon themselves, and destroy
him that hath begun to rage against us.
 And thou knowest that I hate the glory of the wicked, and abhor
the bed of the uncircumcised, and of every stranger.
 Thou knowest my necessity, that I abominate the sign of my pride
and glory, which is upon my head in the days of my public appearance,
and detest it as a menstruous rag, and wear it not in the days of my
 And that I have not eaten at Aman's table, nor hath the king's
banquet pleased me, and that I have not drunk the wine of the drink
 And that thy handmaid hath never rejoiced, since I was brought
hither unto this day, but in thee, O Lord, the God of Abraham.
 O God, who art mighty above all, hear the voice of them, that have
no other hope, and deliver us from the hand of the wicked, and deliver
me from my fear.
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1-19 have been omitted from the Mass readings.
 And he commanded her (no doubt but he was Mardochai) to go to the
king, and petition for her people, and for her country.  Remember,
(said he,) the days of thy low estate, how thou wast brought up by my
hand, because Aman the second after the king hath spoken against us
unto death.  And do thou call upon the Lord, and speak to the king
for us, and deliver us from death.
 And on the third day she laid away the garments she wore, and put
on her glorious apparel.  And glittering in royal robes, after she
had called upon God the ruler and Saviour of all, she took two maids
with her,  And upon one of them she leaned, as if for delicateness
and overmuch tenderness she were not able to bear up her own body. 
And the other maid followed her lady, bearing up her train flowing on
the ground.  But she with a rosy colour in her face, and with
gracious and bright eyes, hid a mind full of anguish, and exceeding
 So going in she passed through all the doors in order, and stood
before the king, where he sat upon his royal throne, clothed with his
royal robes, and glittering with gold, and precious stones, and he was
terrible to behold.  And when he had lifted up his countenance, and
with burning eyes had shewn the wrath of his heart, the queen sunk
down, and her colour turned pale, and she rested her weary head upon
her handmaid.  And God changed the king's spirit into mildness, and
all in haste and in fear he leaped from his throne, and holding her up
in his arms, till she came to herself, caressed her with these words:
 What is the matter, Esther? I am thy brother, fear not.  Thou
shalt not die: for this law is not made for thee, but for all others.
 Come near then, and touch the sceptre.
 And as she held her peace, he took the golden sceptre, and laid it
upon her neck, and kissed her, and said: Why dost thou not speak to me?
 She answered:
I saw thee, my lord, as an angel of God, and my heart was troubled for
fear of thy majesty.  For thou, my lord, art very admirable, and
thy. face is full of graces.
 And while she was speaking, she fell down again, and was almost in
a swoon.  But the king was troubled, and all his servants comforted
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1-24 have been omitted from the Mass readings.
 The great king Artaxerxes, from India to Ethiopia, to the governors
and princes of a hundred and twenty-seven provinces, which obey our
command, sendeth greeting.
 Many have abused unto pride the goodness of princes, and the honour
that hath been bestowed upon them:  And not only endeavour to
oppress the king's subjects, but not bearing the glory that is given
them, take in hand to practise also against them that gave it. 
Neither are they content not to return thanks for benefits received,
and to violate in themselves the laws of humanity, but they think they
can also escape the justice of God who seeth all things.
 And they break out into so great madness, as to endeavour to
undermine by lies such as observe diligently the offices committed to
them, and do all things in such manner as to be worthy of all men's
praise,  While with crafty fraud they deceive the ears of princes
that are well meaning, and judge of others by their own nature.  Now
this is proved both from ancient histories, and by the things which are
done daily, how the good designs of kings are depraved by the evil
suggestions of certain men.  Wherefore we must provide for the peace
of all provinces.  Neither must you think, if we command different
things, that it cometh of the levity of our mind, but that we give
sentence according to the quality and necessity of times, as the profit
of the commonwealth requireth.
 Now that you may more plainly understand what we say, I Aman the
son of Amadathi, a Macedonian both in mind and country, and having
nothing of the Persian blood, but with his cruelty staining our
goodness, was received being a stranger by us:  And found our
humanity so great towards him, that he was called our father, and was
worshipped by all as the next man after the king:  But he was so
far puffed up with arrogancy, as to go about to deprive us of our
kingdom and life.  For with certain new and unheard of devices he
hath sought the destruction of Mardochai, by whose fidelity and good
services our life was saved, and of Esther the partner of our kingdom,
with all their nation:  Thinking that after they were slain, he
might work treason against us left alone without friends, and might
transfer the kingdom of the Persians to the Macedonians.
 But we have found that the Jews, who were by that most wicked man
appointed to be slain, are in no fault at all, but contrariwise, use
just laws,  And are the children of the highest and the greatest,
and the ever living God, by whose benefit the kingdom was given both to
our fathers and to us, and is kept unto this day.
 Wherefore know ye that those letters which he sent in our name,
are void and of no effect.  For which crime both he himself that
devised it, and all his kindred hang on gibbets, before the gates of
this city Susan: not we, but God repaying him as he deserved.
 But this edict, which we now send, shall be published in all
cities, that the Jews may freely follow their own laws.  And you
shall aid them that they may kill those who had prepared themselves to
kill them, on the thirteenth day of the twelfth month, which is called
Adar.  For the almighty God hath turned this day of sadness and
mourning into joy to them.
 Wherefore you shall also count this day among other festival days,
and celebrate it with all joy, that it may be known also in times to
come,  That all they who faithfully obey the Persians, receive a
worthy reward for their fidelity: but they that are traitors to their
kingdom, are destroyed for their wickedness.
 And let every province and city, that will not be partaker of this
solemnity, perish by the sword and by fire, and be destroyed in such
manner as to be made unpassable, both to men and beasts, for an example
of contempt, and disobedience,
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Texts Researched and Digitally
Mrs. R.M., Puerto Rico
Published on May 2015
Format improved in July 2022
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